In December 2014, the laws regarding Driver-Vehicle Inspection Reports (DVIR)changed. As of December 18, 2014, the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration made a final ruling regarding an initiative to review and update legislation that every motor-vehicle owner or operator needs to know about.
Issued January 18, 2011, the executive order for “Improving Regulation and Regulatory Review” called for the review and revision of the Department of Transportation’s rules and regulations. This ensures that old laws that have become outdated, insufficient, ineffective, outmoded or just burdensome are brought up to standard or retired. The purpose of updating legislation being to allow the law to grow and change as the needs of transportation changes.
In preparation for the review and revision process, the Department of Transportation took multiple suggestions from over 102 members of the public and one from the American Trucking Association. After careful consideration of all the proposed suggestions, it was determined that there were potential areas where improvements could be made.
Changes in the DVIR
Drivers operating for a motor carrier must prepare written reports at the end of each working day on all vehicles operated, that provides a full inspection listing any deficiencies or defects that are reported to, or discovered by the driver. The Driver–Vehicle Inspection Record is designed to record the operating condition of a vehicle on a day-to-day basis. As well as, report any damages or defects that could negatively impact the safety or reliability of the vehicle to the motor carrier. It is the responsibility of the motor carrier to use these reports in order to ensure that maintenance and repairs are made, and to keep the vehicles running as well as is reasonably expected.
Regulations now indicate that regardless of whether or not there are any defects to report, drivers must file a DVIR at the end of each tour. This new regulation also cancels out the requirement to file a no-defect DVIR at the end of each day, unless for passenger-carrying CMV operations. In addition to this, the pre and post trip reports are harmonized by the change. These changes are intended to reduce the amount of time filing cumbersome paperwork with no noticeable benefits.
These changes are intended to lift the paperwork burden that uses 46.7 billion hours every year, without having any negative effects on safety. Billions of hours are used annually filing no-defect DVIRs. This paperwork burden offers no discernible safety benefits and detracts from time that could be better monetized in other ways. The current monetized value of this time is $1.7 billion, with a projected rise to $12.8 or $14.9 within 10 years, if this time is better applied in other areas.
The final ruling is that the new changes eliminate an enormous paperwork burden without having any negative effects on safety. This response to the Regulatory Review and Reform initiative also made some technical changes to reduce redundant language. However, no major changes to routine or regulation were made other than in reducing the amount of redundant paperwork that had to be filed by motor carrier operators. It is expected that these changes will help the industry run more smoothly without compromising safety.